You are hereResearch Seminar: Sebastiano Moruzzi on 'Diaphonic Pluralism' and Luca Zanetti on 'The Quest for Certainty'

Research Seminar: Sebastiano Moruzzi on 'Diaphonic Pluralism' and Luca Zanetti on 'The Quest for Certainty'

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20 Dec 2018 14:30
20 Dec 2018 19:00
Europe/Rome

There will be two presentations:

Sebastiano Moruzzi will present his paper 'Diaphonic Pluralism. How to be a Pluralist about Disagreement'.
Moruzzi's abstract: In this paper I argue that pluralism about disagreement -diaphonic pluralism- can be motivated by an endorsement alethic pluralism. I first formulate a set of core principles meant to provide a network analysis of the concept of disagreement. This network analysis is coupled with the thesis that different relations of incompatibility among cognitive mental attitudes can realize the disagreement relation. Diaphonic pluralism thus consists in the conjunction of the network analysis of the concept of disagreement with the variability thesis about the realization of the disagreement relation. I argue that diaphonic pluralism is derivable from truth pluralism both at the conceptual and at the metaphysical level. As for the concept of disagreement, I argue that the core principles for disagreement are conceptually derivable from the core principles for truth. As for the metaphysics of disagreement, I argue that different properties realizing truth in different domains suffice for having different relations realizing disagreement in the domains. This framework offers a pluralistic analysis of disagreement along the same model of truth pluralism. This has important consequences for the analysis of the nature of disagreement, as it paves the way for a pluralist understanding of disagreement: there is one concept of disagreement that is variably realized in different domains by different disagreement relations. It is one because there is a set of core principles that fixes a single concept of disagreement. At the same time, it is many because this concept is realized by different relations.

Luca Zanetti will present his paper 'The Quest for Certainty'
Cognition aims at possessing absolute certainty, the kind of certainty that Descartes was looking for in his Meditations. The argument relies on the nature of doubt. To doubt whether p is true is possible in so far as one takes p to be uncertain. When we doubt whether p is true we are aiming to be certain that p is the case. I can't judge that p if I am doubting whether p is the case. Thus, a judgment will be hostage to doubt in so far as one doesn't take oneself to possess absolute certainty for the content to be judged. Moreover, doubt has unconditional authority, in that any content can be endorsed through judgment only if it passes the test of doubt. No judgment can downplay the authority of doubt, for any judgment is hostage to a doubt unless the judgment is shown to be certain – that is, unless it is shown to pass the test of doubt. Therefore, the dynamic of cognition displays a constitutive desire for absolute certainty. This discovery has profound consequences for epistemology, and the theory of normativity more generally. Externalist and fallibilist epistemologies can't be the whole story about epistemic appraisals, for they fail to capture the fundamental dimension of epistemic evaluation that corresponds to the constitutive norms that cognition sets upon itself. Moreover, if certainty is the constitutive aim of cognition, then there is no plausible story that could downplay the importance of a quest for certainty.

Venue: via Azzo Gardino 23, Sala Rossa.

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